中国水稻科学
     Home | About Journal | Editorial Board | Publication Ethics Statement | Subscriptions | Advertisement | Contacts Us | Chinese
  2011, Vol. 25 Issue (2): 195-200     DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7216.2011.02.012
研究报告 Current Issue | Next Issue | Archive | Adv Search  |   
Effects of Rhizosphere Dissolved Oxygen and Nitrogen Form on Root Characteristics and
Nitrogen Accumulation of Rice
ZHAO Feng 1,2,3,# , XU Chun-mei 1,# , ZHANG Wei-jian 2, ZHANG Xiu-fu 1,*, CHENG Jian-ping 3, WANG Dan-ying 1
(1 China National Rice Research Institute,Hangzhou 310006,China; 2 Institute of Applied Ecology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 3 Institute of Food Crops, Hubei Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wuhan 430064, China; #These authors contributed equally to this paper; *Corresponding author, E-mail: zhangxf169@sohu.com)
 Download: PDF (813 KB)   HTML (1 KB)   Export: BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      Supporting Info
Abstract Dissolved oxygen and N forms have important effects on rice root growth and N availability. Indica hybrid rice Guodao 1 and conventional japonica rice Xiushui 09 were cultured for six weeks in hypoxic nutrient solution with NH4NO3 or (NH4)2SO4 as nitrogen source; Four weeks later, Guodao 1 was transferred to the split-root system at different dissolved oxygen contents (DOTs). The biomass, root morphological traits and nitrogen accumulation were investigated. Under lower rhizosphere oxygen (DOT 0 to 1.0 mg/L), NH4NO3 -N significantly increased the plant biomass in comparison with sole NH4+ -N, about 69% in Guodao 1 and 41% in Xiushui 09. In addition, the root number, the longest root length, the root dry weight and the root activity for Guodao 1 and Xiushui 09 were also increased under NH4NO3-N nutrition. NH4NO3-N enhanced the N accumulation in roots and shoots of Guodao 1 by 60% and 52%, in roots and shoots of Xiushui 09 by 41% and 33%, respectively. In the split-root system, because of increased rhizosphere oxygen (DOT 8.0 to 9.0 mg/L), the root biomass was increased by 21.6%, the root number by 27%, the longest root length by 14% and the root volume by 10%. The N accumulation in roots was enhanced by 11% under higher rhizosphere oxygen. In conclusion, improvement of dissolved oxygen and ammonium-nitrate N source have positive effect on the root growth and N accumulation of rice plants.
Service
E-mail this article
Add to my bookshelf
Add to citation manager
E-mail Alert
RSS
Articles by authors
ZHAO Feng
#
XU Chun-mei
#
ZHANG Wei-jian
ZHANG Xiu-fu
Key wordsnitrogen form   dissolved oxygen   root   nitrogen accumulation   rice     
Received: 1900-01-01;
Cite this article:   
ZHAO Feng ,# ,XU Chun-mei et al. Effects of Rhizosphere Dissolved Oxygen and Nitrogen Form on Root Characteristics and
Nitrogen Accumulation of Rice[J]. , 2011, 25(2): 195-200 .
 
[1] Armstrong W, Beckett P M. Root aeration in unsaturated soil: A multi-shelled mathematical model of oxygen diffusion and distribution with and without sectoral wet-soil blocking of the diffusion path. New Phytol, 1985, 100(3): 293-311. [2]Deng D, Wu K W, Deng H. Effects of root zone oxygenation on growth and Cd accumulation in paddy rice (Oryza sativa L.). Acta Ecol Sin, 2009, 29(5): 2520-2526. [3]Kirk G J D. Rice root properties for internal aeration and efficient nutrient acquisition in submerged soil. New Phytol, 2003, 159: 185-194. [4]Colmer T D. Aerenchyma and an inducible barrier to radial oxygen loss facilitate root aeration in upland, paddy and deep-water rice (Oryza sativa L.). Ann Bot, 2003, 91: 301-309. [5]Armstrong J, Armstrong W. Rice: Sulphide-induced barriers to root radial oxygen loss, Fe2+ and water uptake, and lateral root emergence. Ann Bot, 2005, 96: 625-638. [6]汪晓丽, 封克, 盛海君, 等. 不同水稻基因型苗期NO3-吸收动力学特征及其受吸收液中NH4+的影响.中国农业科学, 2003, 36(11): 1306-1310. [7]Wang X B, Wu P, Hu B, et al. Effects of nitrate on the growth of lateral root and nitrogen absorption in rice. Acta Bot Sin, 2002, 44(6): 678-683. [8]Kronzucker H J, Siddiqi M Y, Glass A D M, et al. Nitrate ammonium synergism in rice: A subcellular flux analysis. Plant Physiol, 1991, 19: 1041-1045. [9]Wang X Z, Zhu J G, Gao R, et al. Nitrogen cycling and losses under rice-wheat rotations with coated urea and urea in the Taihu lake region. Pedosphere, 2007, 17: 62-69. [10]Zou C Q, Fan X Y, Shi R L, et al. Effect of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen on the growth and iron nutrition of up- and lowland rice. J China Agric Univ, 2007, 12(14): 45-49. [11]Kant S, Kafkafi U.Ammonium and nitrate as a nitrogen source for plants. Adv Plant Physiol, 2003, 5: 463-478. [12]Duan Y H, Zhang Y L, Shen Q R, et al. Nitrate effect on rice growth and nitrogen absorption and assimilation at different growth stages. Pedosphere, 2006, 16(6): 707-717. [13]Jampeetong A, Brix H. Oxygen stress in Salvinia natans: Interactive effects of oxygen availability and nitrogen source. Environ Exp Bot, 2009, 66: 153-159. [14]Yoshida S, Forno D A, Cock J H, et al. Laboratory Manual for Physiological Studies of Rice. Manila: IRRI, 2006. [15]赵世杰, 史国安, 董新纯. 植物生理学实验指导. 北京: 中国农业科学技术出版社, 2002. [16]乔富廉. 植物生理学实验分析测定技术. 北京: 中国农业科学技术出版社, 2002. [17]王丹英, 韩勃, 章秀福, 等.水稻根际含氧量对根系生长的影响.作物学报, 2008, 34(5): 803-808. [18]段英华, 张亚丽, 沈其荣, 等. 增硝营养对不同基因型水稻苗期氮素吸收同化的影响. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2005, 11(2): 160-165. [19]张亚丽, 董圆圆, 沈其荣, 等. 不同水稻品种对铵态氮和硝态氮吸收特性的研究. 土壤学报, 2004, 41(6): 918-923. [20]王东升, 张亚丽, 陈石, 等. 不同氮效率水稻品种增硝营养下根系生长的响应特征. 植物营养与肥料学报, 2007, 13(4): 585-590. [21]Lukasz K, Kosala R, Lukas S, et al. Functional and chemical comparison of apoplastic barriers to radial oxygen loss in roots of rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown in aerated or deoxygenated solution. J Exp Bot, 2009, 60(7): 2155-2167. [22]Colmer T D. Long-distance transport of gases in plants: A perspective on internal aeration and radial oxygen loss from roots. Plant Cell Environ, 2003, 26: 17-36. [23]赵锋, 王丹英, 徐春梅, 等. 根际增氧模式的水稻形态、生理及产量响应特征. 作物学报, 2010, 36(2): 1-10. [24]段英华, 张亚丽, 沈其荣. 水稻根际的硝化作用与水稻的硝态氮营养.土壤学报, 2004, 41(5): 803-809. [25]Peng S B, Hao S R, Liu Q. Study on the mechanics of yield-raising and quality-improving for paddy rice under water-saving irrigation. Irrigat Drain, 2000, 19(3): 3-7.
[1] LI Hai-jun,LI Yong,YANG Xiu-xia,SHEN Qi-rong,GUO Shi-wei*. Effects of Different Nitrogen Forms and Water Stress on the Growth and Osmotic Adjustment of Rice Seedlings [J]. , 2010, 24(4): 403-409 .
[2] MO Run-xiu, JIANG Li-geng*, GUO Li, HU Jun-ming, LIU Kai-qiang, ZHOU Jia-min, LIANG Tian-feng, ZENG Ke, DING Cheng-quan. Effects of Nitrogen Fertilizer Management on Nitrogen Contents in Different Forms in Rice Plants[J]. , 2010, 24(1): 49-54 .
[3] LI Baozhen ,WANG Songwei ,FENG Huimin ,XU Guohua . Effects of Nitrogen Forms on Root Morphology and Phosphate Uptake in Rice [J]. , 2008, 22(6): 665-665~668 .
[4] DI Ting-jun ,ZHU Yi-yong ,QIU Mei-hua ,KAN Jian-luan ,ZHANG Xiao-man ,XU Guo-hua ,SHEN Qi-rong . Response of Plasma Membrane H+-ATPase of Rice Root to Ammonium and Nitrate Nutrition[J]. , 2007, 21(4): 360-366 .
[5] LI Yong ,ZHOU Yi ,GUO Shi-wei ,SHEN Qi-rong. Effects of Different N Forms on Root Morphology and Water Absorption of Lowland and Upland Rice Plants [J]. , 2007, 21(3): 294-298 .
[6] XU Hong-xing ,LU Zhong-xian ,JIANG Xue-hui ,YU Xiao-ping ,CHEN Jian-ming ,ZHENG Xu-song. Some Physiological Changes of Rice Plants Damaged by Striped Stem Borer,Chilo suppressalis [J]. , 2007, 21(3): 316-318 .
[7] CHEN Gui ,ZHOU Yi ,GUO Shi-wei ,SHEN Qi-rong.

Effects of Different Nitrogen Forms on Rice Seedlings Growth with Partial Roots Exposed to Water Stress

[J]. , 2006, 20(6): 638-644 .
[8] LI Yong-fu ,LUO An-cheng ,WEI Xing-hua ,YAO Xu-guo. Genotypic Variation of Rice in Utilization of Sparingly Soluble Phosphate and Its Relationship with Mobilization Characteristic of Root Exudation[J]. , 2006, 20(5): 493-498 .
[9] ZHOU Yi ,GUO Shi-wei ,GAO Ying-xu ,CHEN Gui ,SHEN Qi-rong. Effects of Coupling Between Nitrogen Forms and Water Stress on Content and Distribution of Phosphorus in Different Parts of Rice Plants at the Seedling and Tillering Stages[J]. , 2006, 20(5): 505-511 .
[10] ZHOU Yi ,GUO Shi-wei ,SONG Na ,ZHANG Lei ,SHEN Qi-rong . Effects of Nitrogen Form and Water Stress Interaction on Photosynthesis,Utilization of Water and Nitrogen of Rice Plants at the Tillering Stage[J]. , 2006, 20(3): 313-318 .
[11] CHEN Gai-ping ,ZHU Jian-guo ,PANG Jing ,CHENG Lei ,XIE Zu-bin ,ZENG Qing. Effects of Free-Air Carbon Dioxide Enrichment(FACE) on Some Traits and C/N Ratio of Rice Root at the Heading Stage[J]. , 2006, 20(1): 53-57 .
[12] XU Jia-kuan ,YANG Lian-Xin ,WANG Zhi-qiang ,DONG Gui-Chun ,HUANG Jian-Ye ,WANG Yu-long . Effects of Soil Cu Content on Root Traits in Association with Grain Yield of Rice [J]. , 2005, 19(5): 427-433 .
[13] ZHONG Xu-hua ,HUANG Nong-rong. Preliminary Study on the Relationship Between Rice Grain Chalkiness and Root Activity at Grain-Filling Stage[J]. , 2005, 19(5): 471-474 .
[14] Tang Mei-ling ,CHENG Wang-da ,YAO Hai-gen ,XU Min . Effect of Direct-Seeded Dry Cultivation with Plastic Film Mulching on Physiological Characteristics of Root and Leaf at Grain-Filling Stage and Grain Yield in Early-Season Indica Rice[J]. , 2005, 19(5): 475-478 .
[15] LIU Kai-li ,HAN Hang-ru ,XU Ying-jie ,LING Teng-Fang ,LIU Zhi-bing ,SUN Yong-gang ,HUA Rong ,SHEN Wen-biao. Exogenous Nitric Oxide Alleviates Salt Stress-induced Membrane Lipid Peroxidation in Rice Seedling Roots[J]. , 2005, 19(4): 333-337 .
[16] QIAN Yong-de ,LI Jin-feng ,ZHENG Gui-ping ,LU Yan-dong ,GUO Xiao-hong ,SUN Chang-yan . Effect of Ridge Cultivation on Root Growth of Rice in Cold Region[J]. , 2005, 19(3): 238-242 .
[17] WU Wei-ming ,CHENG Shi-hua . Significance and Prospects of Breeding for Root System in Rice(Oryza sativa)[J]. , 2005, 19(2): 174-180 .
[18] SHI Zheng-jun ,FAN Xiao-lin ,D KLAUS ,B SATTEMACHER . Effect of Localized Nitrogen Supply on Root Morphology in Rice and Its Mechanism [J]. , 2005, 19(2): 147-152 .
[19] WANG Qiang,FAN Xiao-lin*,LIU Fang,LI Fang-min,D. KLAUS,B. SATTEMACHER. Effect of Root Cutting on Rice Yield by Shifting Normal Paddy to Upland Cultivation[J]. , 2004, 18(5): 437-442 .
[20] HUA Ze-tian ,CHEN Wen-fu ,WANG Yan-rong ,DAI Gui-jin ,HAO Xian-bin ,ZHANG Zhong-xu ,WANG Yan ,LI Quan-ying . Effects of Naphthylacetic Acid and Uniconazole on Root Physiological Characteristics on Super Japonica Hybrid Rice Liaoyou 3225[J]. , 2004, 18(3): 229-233 .
[21] XIONG Jian-hua ,CHEN Xue-feng ,ZHANG Yi-ping ,ZHU Ying-guo ,LI Yang-sheng . Differential Display on Gene Expression of Root System in Hybrid Rice Honglianyou 6 and Its Parental Lines at Seedling and Tillering Stages[J]. , 2004, 18(2): 94-98 .
[22] ZENG Xiang ,LI Yang-sheng ,XIE Xiao-li ,XIAO Guo-ying ,LIAO Jiang-lin . Effects of Different Irrigation Patterns on Physiological Characteristics of Root and Photosynthetic Traits of Flag Leaf after Flowering Stage in Hybrid Rice[J]. , 2003, 17(4): 355-359 .
[23] ZHANG Yu-ping ,ZHU De-feng ,LIN Xian-qing ,JIAO Gui-ai ,HUANG Qun . Roots Distribution of Rice in Field and Its Relation to Soil Bul Density[J]. , 2003, 17(2): 141-144 .
[24] WANG Yan-rong ,HUA Ze-tian ,CHEN Wen-fu ,DAI Gui-jin ,WANG Yan ,HAO Xian-bin ,ZHANG Zhong-xu ,SU Yu-an . Root Physiological Characteristics of Super Japonica Hybrid Rice Liaoyou 3225[J]. , 2003, 17(1): 37-41 .
[25] TENG Sheng ,ZENG Da-li ,QIAN Qian ,KUNIHIRO Yasufumi ,FUJIMOTO Kan ,HUANG Da-nian ,ZHU Li-huang . Genetic Analysis of Root Vitality in Rice (Oryza sativa)[J]. , 2002, 16(2): 119-123 .
[26] SHEN Bo,WANG Xi . Physiological Activities of Root System in Two Inter-subspecific Hybrid Rice Combinations[J]. , 2002, 16(2): 146-150 .
[27] CAO Shu-qing,DENG Zhi-rui,ZHAI Hu-qu,TANG Yun-lai,HAN Guo-biao,ZHANG Rong-xian,SHENG Sheng-lan,GONG Hong-bing,YANG Tu-nan. Analysis on Heterosis and Combining Ability for Root Activity and Its Declined Properties in Indica Hybrid Rice[J]. , 2002, 16(1): 19-23 .
[28] WU Wei-ming,SONG Xiang-fu,SUN Zong-xiu,YU Yong-hong,ZOU Guo-yan. Comparison of Root Distribution Between Different Type Rice[J]. , 2001, 15(4): 276-280 .
[29] SHI Qing-hua ,Ries de VISSER . Energy Cost for Growth, Ion Uptake and Maintenance of Hybrid Rice Ganhua 7[J]. , 2001, 15(3): 182-186 .
[30] CAI Yong-ping,YANG Qi-guang,HUANG Yi-de. Effect of Rice Cultivated under Paddy and Upland Condition on Photosynthesis and Senescence of Flag Leaf and Activity of Root System After Heading[J]. , 2000, 14(4): 219-224 .
[31] WANG Xi,TAO Rong-xing,HUANG Xiao-lin,YU Mei-yu. The Delay Function on Senescence of Lilibao During Rice Grain Filling Stage[J]. , 2000, 14(4): 253-255 .
[32] WU Wei-ming,SONG Xiang-fu,ZHOU Guo-yan. Application of Floating Culture Method on Natural Waters for Rice Root Research[J]. , 2000, 14(3): 189-192 .
[33] SHEN Bo,WANG Xi. Changes of Root Exudate of Indica Japonica Hybrid Rice and Its Relation to Leaf Physiological Traits[J]. , 2000, 14(2): 122-124 .
[34] Liang Jiansheng,Cao Xianzu,Zhu Qingsen. Abscisic Acid May Involve in the Regulation of Grain Filling in Water Stressed Rice (Oryza sativa L.)[J]. , 1996, 10(1): 29-36 .
[35] Xie Shaoping,Ni Jinshan. Correlation between K+ Influx and H+ Efflux by Roots of Intact Seedlings of indica Rice Varieties: A Method for Screening Efficient K+-uptaking Lines[J]. , 1990, 4(1): 22-26 .
[36] Lu Dingzhi. Relationship Between Physiological Heterosis of Root and Shoot System of Hybrid Rice Shan-You 6[J]. , 1987, 1(2): 81-94 .
Copyright © Chinese Journal of Rice Science 浙ICP备05004719号-5
Supported by: Beijing Magtech