中国水稻科学
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  2010, Vol. 24 Issue (4): 391-397     DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7216.2010.04.010
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Effect of H2O2 Pretreatment on Cd Tolerance of Different Rice Cultivars
BAI Xiao-juan1, LIU Li-juan1, ZHANG Chun-hua2, GE Ying1,*, CHENG Wang-da3
1College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 2Life Science Experimental Center, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China; 3 Jiaxing Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jiaxing 314016, China; *Corresponding author, E-mail: yingge711@njau.edu.cn
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Abstract The effect of H2O2 pretreatment on Cd tolerance and translocation in rice seedlings was studied by using two rice cultivars (N076 and N0763) differing in Cd tolerance. The contents of malondialdehyde(MDA), reduced glutathione (GSH), nonprotein thiols (NPT), phytochelatins(PCs) and the activity of glutathione Stransferase (GST) were compared between the two cultivars exposed to various treatments. The results showed that 50 μmol/L Cd exposure significantly inhibited rice growth, enhanced the production of GSH, NPT, PCs, MDA and the activity of GST, and there were significant differences between the two cultivars. More Cd was transported into the shoot in N076. The H2O2 pretreatment alleviated Cd toxcity by further increasing GSH, NPT and PCs contents, as well as the root GST activities. The larger increase in N0763 than in N076 suggests that the tolerance of N0763 was enhanced more significantly than N076. H2O2 pretreatment reduced Cd translocation to rice shoots but affected the Cd concentration in roots differently. From the above results, it may be speculated that there were clear differences in the Cd detoxification and response to the H2O2 pretreatment between the two cultivars.
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BAI Xiao-juan
LIU Li-juan
ZHANG Chun-hua
GE Ying
Key wordscadmium   hydrogen peroxide   pretreatment   rice   tolerance      
Received: 1900-01-01;
Cite this article:   
BAI Xiao-juan,LIU Li-juan,ZHANG Chun-hua et al. Effect of H2O2 Pretreatment on Cd Tolerance of Different Rice Cultivars[J]. , 2010, 24(4): 391-397 .
 
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