中国水稻科学
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  2011, Vol. 25 Issue (4): 370-380    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7216.2011.04.005
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Cytoplasmic Genetic Effects  and Cytological Study  of Isonuclear  Alloplasmic  Male Sterile  Lines  in Rice 
HUANG  Xing-Guo1, 2 ,WANG  Guang-yong1,#, YU  Jin-hong1, DING  Yi1,*
1State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice/College  of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China; 2Wuhan Wuda Tianyuan  BioTech Co., LTD, Wuhan 430072, China; #These authors contributed equally to this paper
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Abstract The cytoplasmic  genetic  effects, including the growth characteristics and agronomic traits of the seven  types of isonuclear  alloplasmic male sterile lines (IAMSLs) and of the  combinations derived from  the IAMSLs  and the restorer lines,were analyzed  and the cytological  study of the pollen development   was also carried out. The IAMSLs were 81-83 days in duration from seeding to heading, 25.10-29.  40 cm   in flag leaf length, 21.45-24.30 cm  in panicle   length, 80.60 to 94.13 cm   in plant   height, and 163.2-222.1   in grain  number per panicle. Compared with  the   combinations of the IAMSLs and the   restorer line Fuhui 838,  the combinations derived from the IAMSLs and Mianhui 725  showed the same tendency in the traits of flag leaf length and width,  as well as  the  growth duration of  113-115 days. The major differences  between them were the plant height, effective panicle number, total grain number per panicle,  number of filled grains  per panicle, seed setting rate and 1000grain weight. In general, the   combinations orignated from Mianhui 725, the total grain number per panicle,  number of filled grains  per panicle and seed setting rate were gradually  increased, but the seed setting rate and the 1000grain weight were lower than the    combinations   derived from Fuhui 838. Furthermore, it had been proved that  crossing the mixture of   seven types of IAMSLs   with a single restorer line was feasible in practice.   Based on the cytological observation, the cell nucleuses of the seven types of IAMSLs began  degradation at the uninucleate stage with an  abortion rate  above 92%. The anther vasculars were  quietly  destroyed during the pollen development  in the male sterile lines. It was  concluded that  the sterility of the seven types of IAMSLs was closely related  to  the abnormal  development of vascular tissues and might have  the same abortion mechanism  in pollen development  in these male sterile lines of rice.
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HUANG Xing-Guo-1
2
Key wordsrice   isonuclear    alloplasmic male sterile line   agronomic trait   simple sequence repeat   cytological observation     
Received: 2010-09-28;
Cite this article:   
HUANG Xing-Guo-1,2 . Cytoplasmic Genetic Effects  and Cytological Study  of Isonuclear  Alloplasmic  Male Sterile  Lines  in Rice [J]. , 2011, 25(4): 370-380.
 
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Resistance Performance of Rice Varieties (Combinations) to Brown Planthopper,Nilaparvata lugens, in Paddy Field

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