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  2004, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 351-356     DOI:
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Distribution of Magnaporthe grisea Populations and Virulence of Predominant Races in Jiangsu Province

LIU Yong-feng 1; CHEN Zhi-yi 1; HU Ming 2; LI Lian 3; LIU You-zhou 1

1 Institute of Plant Protection; Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences; Nanjing 210014; China; 2 Xuzhou Agricultural Product and Environment Quality Monitoring Center; Xuzhou 221004; 3Jiangyan Station of Plant Protection; Jiangsu Province; Jiangyan 225529; China
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Abstract Three hundred and forty two monoconidial isolates were obtained from rice blast specimens collected from five typical areas in Jiangsu Province during 2000-2002. The isolates could be classified into seven groups, thirty races when they were assessed with seven Chinese differential rice cultivars. The race ZG1 was predominant one with a frequency of 65.00% in 2000, 56.90% in 2001 and 60.38% in 2002; the races ZB and ZC groups were important ones in Jiangsu Province. By inoculating 130 ZG1 race isolates on 13 Japanese cultivars with known resistance genes, 42 pathotypes were found, 30.77% of ZG1 race isolates which was predominant pathotype were virulent to the Shin 2(Pita-ks,Pi-sh) ,K1(Pi-ta), Pi 4(Pi-ta2,Pi-sh), suggesting that the resistances of Shin 2(Pita-ks,Pi-sh),K1(Pi-ta), Pi 4(Pi-ta2,Pi-sh) had lost in Jiangsu Province. K3(Pi-kh) was highly resistant to Magnaporthe grisea in Jiangsu Province with 100% of resistance frequency. When two isolates, 2003 184(ZC5) and 2003-14-1(ZG1), with different virulences were mixed to inoculate, K3 (Pi-kh) which has resistance to the two isolates respectively was infected by the mixed isolates. It indicated the change of virulence resulted from the interaction among different pathotype isolates was one of the reasons that made variety lose its resistance.
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LIU Yong-feng
CHEN Zhi-yi
HU Ming
LI Lian
LIU You-zhou
Key wordsMagnaporthe grisea   pathological race   distribution   virulence     
Received: 1900-01-01;
Cite this article:   
LIU Yong-feng ,CHEN Zhi-yi ,HU Ming et al. Distribution of Magnaporthe grisea Populations and Virulence of Predominant Races in Jiangsu Province[J]. , 2004, 18(4): 351-356 .
 
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