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  2006, Vol. 20 Issue (2): 189-193     DOI:
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Different Responses to Cadmium Stress in Nitrogen Metabolism Between Weedy Rice and Cultivated Rice (Oryza sativa)
SHAO Guo-sheng , XIE Zhi-kui , ZHANG Guo-ping
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Abstract Effect of cadmium stress on nitrogen uptake and activities of some enzymes related to N metabolism was compared between weedy rice and japonica rice cultivar Koshihikari with a hydroponic experiment under four Cd levels, i.e. 0, 01, 1.0 and 5.0 μmol/L with ammonium nitrate as N source. Cd concentration and accumulation in both shoots and roots of the two rices increased dramatically with increasing Cd level. However the extent of the increase varied with the rice genotypes. Under high Cd levels (1.0 and 5.0 μmol/L), weedy rice had lower Cd concentration and fewer Cd accumulation in roots than Koshihikari, while in shoots the case was just opposite, indicating that more Cd was translocated to shoots in weedy rice than in Koshihikari, and the shoots of weedy rice were more capable of detoxifying Cd than those of Koshihikari. N concentration, accumulation and the activities of nitrate reductase, glutamicoxalacetic transaminase and glutamatepyruvate transaminase decreased markedly with increasing Cd level. There was a clear difference in the extent of the decrease between the two rices. In general, the inhibition of N uptake and N metabolism-related enzymes was relatively less for weedy rice than for Koshihikari. It was proved that weedy rice had stronger tolerance to Cd toxicity than Koshihikari and there is a close association between performance of these N metabolism related enzymes and Cd toxicity tolerance.
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SHAO Guo-sheng
XIE Zhi-kui
ZHANG Guo-ping
Key wordscadmium   weedy rice   nitrogen metabolism   cultivated rice   enzyme activity     
Received: 1900-01-01;
Cite this article:   
SHAO Guo-sheng ,XIE Zhi-kui ,ZHANG Guo-ping. Different Responses to Cadmium Stress in Nitrogen Metabolism Between Weedy Rice and Cultivated Rice (Oryza sativa)[J]. , 2006, 20(2): 189-193 .
 
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