中国水稻科学
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  2006, Vol. 20 Issue (1): 65-72     DOI:
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Analysis on Source-Sink and Grain-Filling Characteristics of Two-Line Hybrid RiceYangliangyou 6
ZHAO Bu-hong , WANG Peng , ZHANG Hong-xi , ZHU Qing-sen , YANG Jian-chang
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Abstract With two-line hybrid rice Yangliangyou 6 and Liangyoupeijiu and three-line hybrid rice Shanyou 63 as materials, the relationships of source, sink and flow with grain filling were studied. The seed-setting rate, grain filling degree and grain yield of Yangliangyou 6 and Shanyou 63 were significantly higher than those of Liangyoupeijiu. The export percentage and transformation percentage of the matter in culms and sheaths of Yangliangyou 6 and Shanyou 63 were significantly higher than those of Liangyoupeijiu. Activities of sucrose synthase, adenosine diphosphoglucose pyrophosphorylase, starch synthase and starch branching enzyme in grains were higher in Yangliangyou 6 and Shanyou 63 than in Liangyoupeijiu, and were very significantly correlated with maximum grain filling rate, mean grain filling rate, grain filling degree and grain weight. The spikelet number, grain yield and total sink load per area of vascular bundle and phloem of Yangliangyou 6 and Shanyou 63 were significantly smaller than those of Liangyoupeijiu, and the greater the load, the lower the seed-setting rate and the poorer the grain filling. The transportation rate per area phloem of Yangliangyou 6 was greater than that of Liangyoupeijiu or Shanyou 63. The results suggested that Yangliangyou 6 possesses strong source, great sink activity and efficient flow, which lay a physiological basis for its high seed-setting rate and good grain filling.
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ZHAO Bu-hong
WANG Peng
ZHANG Hong-xi
ZHU Qing-sen
YANG Jian-chang
Key wordshybrid rice   source-sink characteristics   grain filling   enzyme activity     
Received: 1900-01-01;
Cite this article:   
ZHAO Bu-hong ,WANG Peng ,ZHANG Hong-xi et al. Analysis on Source-Sink and Grain-Filling Characteristics of Two-Line Hybrid RiceYangliangyou 6[J]. , 2006, 20(1): 65-72 .
 
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