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中国水稻科学  2000, Vol. 14 Issue (1): 19-23     DOI:
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萍乡显性核不育水稻临界温度值及其温度敏感期的研究
龚慧明1;贺浩华1;刘宜柏1;曾汉来2
1江西农业大学农学院, 江西南昌330045; 2 华中农业大学农学系, 湖北武汉430070
Critical Temperature and the Thermo sensitive Phase of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice
Gong Huiming; He Haohua; Liu Yibai; Zeng Hanlai
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摘要 利用人工气候箱研究了萍乡显性核不育水稻临界温度值及其温度敏感期。试验结果表明高温诱导萍乡显性核不育水稻纯合不育株和杂合不育株育性转换的临界值均为27℃~ 28℃, 说明高温诱导萍乡显性核不育水稻育性转换不存在显性不育基因的剂量效应; 萍乡显性核不育水稻育性转换温度敏感期在花粉母细胞形成期至减数分裂期, 即抽穗前18~ 12 d;同时, 讨论了该不育材料的实际应用问题。
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龚慧明
贺浩华
刘宜柏
曾汉来
关键词显性核不育水稻   育性转换特性   临界温度值   温度敏感期     
AbstractBy using phytotron, critical temperature and the thermo sensitive phase of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice were studied under artificial conditions. The results showed that critical temperature of the fertility alteration induced by high temperature in homozygous sterile plant and heterozygous sterile plant of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice were between 27℃ and 28℃. It indicated that temperature sensitivity of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice had no effect of doses of dominant sterile gene. The thermo sensitive phase fertility alteration in Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice occurred from pollen mother cell formation to meiotic phase, i.e. 18-12 days before heading. The practical utilization of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice was also discussed.
Key wordsdominant genic male sterile rice   fertility alteration   critical temperature   thermo sensitive phase   
收稿日期: 1900-01-01;
引用本文:   
龚慧明,贺浩华,刘宜柏等. 萍乡显性核不育水稻临界温度值及其温度敏感期的研究[J]. 中国水稻科学, 2000, 14(1): 19-23 .
Gong Huiming,He Haohua,Liu Yibai et al. Critical Temperature and the Thermo sensitive Phase of Pingxiang Dominant Genic Male Sterile Rice[J]. , 2000, 14(1): 19-23 .
 
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[1] 贺浩华,刘宜柏,蔡跃辉,余秋英,李季能,刘建萍. 水稻显性核不育及其恢复性的遗传规律研究[J]. 中国水稻科学, 1999, 13(3): 143-146 .
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